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Significado da Sexta-Feira Santa
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Significado da Sexta-Feira Santa

by newsmtabril 3, 2015

A Sexta-feira Santa, ou ‘Sexta-feira da Paixão’, é a Sexta-feira antes do Domingo de Páscoa. É a data em que os cristãos lembram o julgamento, paixão, crucificação, morte e sepultura de Jesus Cristo, através de diversos ritos religiosos.

Segundo a tradição cristã, a ressurreição de Cristo aconteceu no domingo seguinte ao dia 14 de Nisã, no calendário hebraico. A mesma tradição refere ser esse o terceiro dia desde a morte. Assim, contando a partir do domingo, e sabendo que o costume judaico, tal como o romano, contava o primeiro e o último dia, chega-se à sexta-feira como dia da morte de Cristo.

A Sexta-feira Santa é um feriado móvel que serve de referência para outras datas. É calculado como sendo a primeira Sexta-feira de lua cheia após o equinócio de outono no hemisfério sul ou o equinócio de primavera no hemisfério norte, podendo ocorrer entre 22 de março e 25 de abril.

Na Igreja Católica, este dia pertence ao Tríduo pascal, o mais importante período do ano litúrgico. A Igreja celebra e contempla a paixão e morte de Cristo, pelo que é o único dia em que não se celebra, em absoluto, a Eucaristia.

Por ser um dia em que se contempla de modo especial Cristo crucificado, as regras litúrgicas prescrevem que neste dia e no seguinte (Sábado Santo) se venere o crucifixo com o gesto da genuflexão, ou seja, de joelhos.

No entanto, mesmo sem a celebração da missa, tem lugar, no rito romano, uma celebração litúrgica própria deste dia. Tal celebração tem alguma semelhança com a celebração da Eucaristia, na sua estrutura, mas difere essencialmente desta pelo facto de não ter Oração eucarística, a mais importante parte da missa católica.

A celebração da morte do Senhor consiste, resumidamente, na adoração de Cristo crucificado, precedida por uma liturgia da Palavra e seguida pela comunhão eucarística dos participantes. Presidida por um presbítero ou bispo, paramentado como para a missa, de cor vermelha, a celebração segue esta estrutura:

•Entrada em silêncio do presidente e dos ministros, que se prostram em adoração diante do altar oração colecta.

•Liturgia da Palavra: leitura do livro de Isaías (quarto cântico do servo de Javé, Is 52,13-53,12), salmo 31 (30), leitura da Epístola aos Hebreus (Hebr 4, 14-16; 5, 7-9), aclamação ao Evangelho e leitura do Evangelho da Paixão segundo João (Jo 18,1-19,42, geralmente em forma dialogada).

•Homilia e silêncio de reflexão.

•Oração Universal, mais longa e solene do que a da missa, seguindo o esquema intenção – silêncio – oração do presidente.

•Adoração da Cruz: a cruz é apresentada aos fiéis e adorada ao som de cânticos.

•Pai Nosso

•Comunhão dos fiéis presentes. Toma-se pão consagrado no dia anterior, Quinta-Feira Santa.

•Oração depois da comunhão.

•Oração sobre o povo.

Obs: Em muitas cidades históricas como: Paraty, Ouro Preto, Pirenópolis e Jaraguá – GO a Celebração da Paixão e Morte do Senhor é procedida da Procissão do Enterro, também conhecida como Procissão do Senhor Morto, em que são cantados motetos em latim.

Toda a liturgia católica deste dia está em função de Cristo crucificado. Assim, a liturgia da Palavra pretende introduzir os fiéis no mistério do sofrimento e da morte de Jesus, que assim aparece como uma acção livre de Cristo em ordem à salvação de toda a humanidade.

A veneração da cruz, símbolo da salvação, pretende dar expressão concreta à adoração de Cristo crucificado.

A comunhão eucarística é, para a Igreja, a forma mais perfeita de união com o Mistério pascal de Cristo, e por isso é um ponto culminante na união dos fiéis com Cristo crucificado. O fato de se comungar do pão consagrado no dia anterior vem exprimir e reforçar a unidade de todo o Tríduo Pascal.

Além da celebração da Paixão do Senhor, rezam-se as diversas horas litúrgicas da Liturgia das Horas.

A Igreja exorta os fiéis a que neste dia observem alguns sinais de penitência, em respeito e veneração pela morte de Cristo. Assim, convida-os à prática do jejum e da abstinência da carne.

Exercícios piedosos, como a Via Sacra e o Rosário, são também recomendados como forma de assinalar este dia especialmente importante para a fé cristã.

Jesus é o filho encarnado de Deus que veio para salvar a humanidade, segundo o cristianismo foi concedido a Maria e José a graça de serem pais do escolhido chamado Jesus Cristo aqui na terra. Enquanto viveu entre os homens teve uma vida digna e santa servindo de exemplo a seus seguidores, por onde passava mostrava lição de amor e fé a todos que nele verdadeiramente acreditavam.

 

Fonte: www.catolicismoromano.com.br

Publicada por: Hueliton Mendes/Rádio Tangará

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